Compendium Of Oral Science (Compend.Oral.Sci)

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Types of Articles Published

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Compendium of Oral Science (Compend.Oral.Sci)

“Compendium of Oral Science (Compend.Oral.Sci)” the official journal of the Faculty of   Dentistry, Universiti Teknologi MARA. At present Compend.Oral.Sci is a quality-conscious peer-reviewed journal published annually in print form. Compendium of Oral Science will be circulated world-wide.

Compend.Oral.Sci will provide a platform for academicians and researchers to have their valuable research work published on a regular basis and in addition to provide an environment for improving and enhancing research skills and knowledge. It is also hoped that this journal will also provide a forum to encourage research discussion among colleagues and institutions.
It also encourage graduate and undergraduate students who have been involved in faculty-mentored research and creative activities to consider “Compendium of Oral Science” a functional platform for their work to be published.
We hope “Compendium of Oral Science (Compend.Oral.Sci)” will promote collaborative research. We are working to launch the online publication to meet the needs of disseminating research information across new frontiers. The Editorial board heartily believes that we will soon receive a growing number of quality research papers from authors around the world.




Compendium of Oral Science eJournal

Compendium of Oral Science - eJournal

First Edition - Volume 1 2014

Aims and Scope:

The aim of  Compendium of Oral Science is to publish peer-reviewed, hypothesis-driven,original research articles on a broad range of topics of general interest to those working on the oral science and dentistry. The journal welcomes submissions in a wide array of subspecialties from throughout the world in achieving this goal.

Types of Articles Published

Authors are invited to submit manuscripts for publication as Regular articles (full-length research reports), short communications, case reports, Reviews and Letters to Editors.

Regular Articles: These should describe new and carefully confirmed findings, and experimental procedures should be given in sufficient detail for others to verify the work. The length of a full paper should be the minimum required to describe and interpret the work clearly.

Short Communications: Short communications should aim at being no longer than two printed pages. They should contain important, new, definitive information of sufficient significance to warrant publication. Short communications need not follow the usual division into Material and Methods etc. but should have a short Abstract.

Case Reports: Illustrating unusual and clinically relevant observations are acceptable but their merit needs to provide high priority for publication in the Journal. On rare occasions, completed cases displaying non-obvious solutions to significant clinical challenges will be considered. Short papers not exceeding 1200 words,  a maximum of three illustrations (with consideration to certain case reports) and five references may be accepted for publication if they serve to promote communication between clinicians and researchers.

The main text of case reports should be organized with Introduction, case report, discussion and conclusion.
A paper submitted as a brief clinical / case report should include the following:
• a short introduction (avoid lengthy reviews of literature);
• the case report itself (a brief description of the patient/s, presenting condition, any special investigations and outcomes);
• a Discussion which should highlight specific aspects of the case(s), explain/interpret the main findings and provide a scientific appraisal of any previously reported work (if any) in the field. Interpretation of their significance and to draw a Conclusions or generalizations about future cases when warranted by the evidence presented, or suggestion for further possible studies.

Reviews: Submissions of reviews covering topics of current interest are welcome and encouraged. Reviews should be concise and no longer than 4-6 printed pages (about 12 to 18 manuscript pages). Reviews are also peer-reviewed.

Letters to the Editor: Letters to the Editor regarding published articles should be received within 2 months of mailing of the journal, letters regarding profession related matters will also be considered. Authors are encouraged to keep letters concise and succinct, with a limit of no more than 750 words. Introduction of new data will not be permitted. Each letter will be submitted to the author of the original paper so that any reply may be published simultaneously with the letter. Letters should have a descriptive title.

Frequency: One issue a year

Manuscript Submission Process

Before submitting your manuscript to Compendium of Oral Science (Compend.Oral.Sci ), authors should be familiar with the Editorial Policies.These describe our requirements regarding human and animal research, materials and methods disclosure, and prior publication. Information regarding the expectations of reviewers and editors and the review process are also available on this page.

Letter of  Transmittal

This letter must be supplied during submission. The signatures of the corresponding author is required. The letter must have following:
i)  Manuscript Title - (50 word maximum) The Author(s) name(s) (identify the corresponding author, with complete address, telephone, FAX, and e-mail information).
ii) Type of Manuscript – Regular Article, Short Communication, Case Report, Review and Letter to the Editor.
iii) Brief Statement of Significance- A statement that describes the significance of the paper.
iv) Statement of Direct Participation - A statement that declares that all of the authors have directly participated in the planning, execution, or analysis of the study and resulting paper, and have read and approved the version submitted.
v) Information - Must include information on prior or duplicate publication or submission elsewhere of any part of the work/study; and a statement of financial or other relationships that might lead to a conflict of interest.
Copies of any permission(s) to reproduce published material, and to use illustrations or report information about identifiable people must accompany the manuscript.
vi) (Optional) The contact information of any suggested reviewers (names, addresses, and e-mail). Manuscripts submitted without a letter of transmittal will not be processed for peer review.

Licence to Publish

The corresponding author will be contacted to complete the “Compendium of Oral Science: License to Publish form”  upon an editorial decision of Accept.  
Upon acceptance of a paper, authors are required to assign the exclusive licence to publish their paper to the Compendium of Oral Science. Assignment of copyright is a condition of publication, and papers will not be passed to the publisher for production unless copyright has been assigned. A completed Copyright Transfer Agreement must be sent to the address specified on the agreement, before any manuscript can be published. Authors may send the completed original Copyright Transfer Agreement by fax (optional) but must be followed by mail upon receiving notice of manuscript acceptance. Do not send the Copyright Transfer Agreement at submission.

Copyright: Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not been published before (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, or thesis) that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; that if and when the manuscript is accepted for publication, the authors agree to automatic transfer of the copyright to the publisher.


All persons designated as authors should qualify for authorship. The entitlement to authorship should be based on all of the following criteria: (1) substantial contributions to conceptions and design, execution or analysis and interpretation of data; (2) drafting the article or revising it for important intellectual content; (3) final approval of the version to be published. Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group, alone, does not justify authorship. All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgements. The order of authorship should be a joint decision of the co-authors. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for part of the content or the whole.
Corresponding author must agree that above has been confirmed by all authors when submitting a manuscript.

By submitting your manuscript to the journal it is understood that this it is an original manuscript and is unpublished work and is not under consideration elsewhere.

Conflict of Interest:
The Compendium of Oral Science’s  policy requires that each author reveal any financial interests or connections, direct or indirect, or other situations that might raise the question of bias in the work reported or the conclusions, implications, or opinions stated including pertinent commercial or other sources of funding for the individual author(s) or for the associated department(s) or organization(s), personal relationships, or direct academic competition.

As an integral part of the submission process, Corresponding authors are required to confirm whether they or their co-authors have any conflicts of interest to declare, and to provide details of these.  

Any changes made to the list of conflicts after the paper is accepted must be submitted in writing, signed by the appropriate authors (that is, the corresponding author and the author for whom the conflict exists), to the  Compendium of Oral Science Editorial Office. Publication of manuscripts will be withheld until all such written approvals are received. Compendium of Oral Science  accepts no responsibility for such changes.

Experimental Ethics:

a)    Animal experiments
When reporting animal experiments authors should indicate whether the institution’s, national research council’s, or any other law on the care and use of laboratory animals was followed.
b)    Human subjects
When reporting on human subjects, authors should indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the Helsinki Declaration (1964, amended most recently in 2008) of the World Medical Association. Manuscripts should include a statement that the patient’s written consent was obtained and any information, including illustrations, should be as anonymized as far as possible. Authors should indicate that the design of the work has been approved by local ethical committees or that it conforms to standards currently applied in the country of origin. The name of the authorizing body should be stated in the paper.

Clinical Trials:

Authors should indicate that the design of clinical trial study has been approved by local ethical committees / appropriate authority or that it conforms to standards currently applied in the country of origin. The name of the authorizing body should be stated in the paper. The clinical trial registration number and name of the trial register will then be published with the paper.


All sources of funding should be declared in the Acknowledgements. If a private/commercial sponsor supported the research, authors are advised to describe the role of the study sponsor (s), if any, in study design; in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; and in the decision to submit the paper for publication. If the funding source had no such involvement, this should be stated.
Details of all funding sources for the work in question should be given in a separate section entitled 'Funding'. This should appear before the 'Acknowledgements' section.

The following rules should be followed:
~ The sentence should begin: ‘This work was supported by …’
~ The full official funding agency name should be given, i.e. ‘National Institutes of Health’, not ‘NIH’ ( Grant numbers should be given in brackets as follows: ‘[grant number xxxx]’
~ Multiple grant numbers should be separated by a comma as follows: ‘[grant numbers xxxx, yyyy]’
~ Agencies should be separated by a semi-colon (plus ‘and’ before the last funding agency)
~ Where individuals need to be specified for certain sources of funding the following text should be added after the relevant agency or grant number 'to [author initials]'.
An example is given here: ‘This work was supported by the National Institutes of Health [AA123456 to C.S., BB765432 to M.H.]; and the Alcohol & Education Research Council [hfygr667789].’

Evaluation of manuscripts

Submitted manuscripts are subject to peer review and are expected to meet standards of academic excellence. Peer-reviewers identities will remain anonymous to the authors. The Editor-in-Chief's decision regarding publication is based on the recommendation of the reports of reviewers, which will, at the Editors' discretion, be transmitted to the authors.
Authors may suggest the names and addresses of a few potential reviewers. The Editors and Associate Editors will be guided but not necessarily bound by these suggestions.



Manuscripts must be written in English. Manuscript documents should be formatted as follows:
- They should be typed on A4 form (21×29.7 cm or 21.6×28 cm)
-Double spaced
• 2.5 cm (1 inch) margins
• justifiy
• Page numbers at the bottom of each page; centered or right-justified
11-point font; restrict fonts to Arial throughout the manuscript (Use of other fonts is not recommended and could result in problems with converting your manuscript for review.)
• Avoid boldface, underlining, or italics in the manuscript

Other formatting notes:

• We do not publish Appendices.
• Do not embed figures into the manuscript. They must be uploaded as separate files for each figure.

Separate pages should be used for the following:(1) title page (s), (2) abstract, (3) text, (4) footnote(s) to the text, (5) references, (6) table(s), (7) legend(s) to figure(s), (8) declaration of Funding and Conflict of Interest . The manuscripts should be arranged in the order indicated above and all pages should be numbered in succession except the figure(s), the title page being page 1.

Indicate the appropriate location in the text of the tables, figures, and other subsidiary materials by marginal notes. Latin words should be italicized (for example: in vitro, i.e., etc., per se). Footnote(s) to the author’s name(s) and affiliation(s) should appear on the title page. All footnotes should be numbered in succession with superscript, Arabic numerals, starting from the title page footnote(s). Footnotes to tables should be identified with superscript lower case (a, b, etc.), and placed at the bottom of the table. Acknowledgement (if any) should appear after the main text, and before the References. It is advised that authors note any conflict of interest in this section.

Organization of Manuscript

A desirable plan for the organization of a Regular Paper is as follows: (1) TITLE (2) ABSTRACT, (3) INTRODUCTION with no heading, (4) MATERIALS AND METHODS (5) RESULTS (6) DISCUSSION (7) REFERENCES

1. Title Page
Provide a title page, containing the following items.
(1) The type of paper
(2) Title. The title should be informative and as short as is consistent with clarity. The title should not include chemical formulae or arbitrary abbreviations, but chemical symbols may be used to indicate the structures of isotopically labeled compounds. The numbering of parts in a series of papers is not permitted, but titles and subtitles may be used if necessary.
(3) Next-line. List full names of all authors. A footnote reference(s) to an author(s), indicating a change of address, should be given on the title-page.
(4) Next-line. List the institution(s) in which the work was carried out, and the Zip Code / post code, if available.
(5) Running title. Provide a short running title of less than 50 strokes. It should be as informative as possible.
(6) The name, complete mailing address, telephone number, Fax number, and E mail address of the person to whom correspondence should be sent. To expedite the review, much of the journal’s correspondence will be by E mail.
(7) Abbreviations. Non-standard abbreviations  should be defined, even if they are known to those familiar with the field. List all non-standard abbreviations used in the paper in alphabetical order in a footnote on the title page.
Customary abbreviations in wide use need not be defined in text (e.g., RNA, ATP). Define other abbreviations the first time that they are used. Refer to the Journal of Biological Chemistry for recommended abbreviations for biological compounds, Chemical Abstracts for names of chemical compounds, Conn’s Biological Stains (10th Edition, RW Horobin and JA Kiernan (eds.), BIOS Scientific Publishers) for nomenclature, and the CSE Style Manual (2006, 7th ed., Council of Science Editors) for scientific abbreviations. Use SI units only. The Journal does not print the degree symbol before temperature symbols. All temperatures are printed as follows: 80C, 37.4F, 276K.

2. Abstract
(i) The Abstract should not exceeding 250 words. Abstract text should be divided into the following sections:  Objectives (a brief statement of the purpose of the investigation along with the the working hypothesis)- Materials and Methods (A brief description of the materials and experimental method used); Results (state the results simply and clearly so that significant facts can be readily identified, where appropriate, statistics should be clearly stated); Conclusions (a brief summary of the essential results you believe were demonstrated by the experimental data and the impact of the results). Abstract should be in a form comprehensible to any scientist and suitable for publication without the full article text.

Avoid statements such as “The significance of these results is discussed” that do not help the reader. The abstract should be intelligible to the non-specialist as well as the specialist in your field, and hence should avoid specialized terms and abbreviations.

(ii) Key words. Provide  3-5 key words identifying the nature of the subject matter alphabetically in the last part of the summary.

3. Introduction

The main part of an article should start with a brief Introduction, which outlines the historical or logical origins of the study and clearly states the aim of the study and/or hypothesis to be tested, without repeating the abstract or summarizing the results. Avoid giving an extensive review of the literature.

4. Materials and Methods
The materials and methods section should provide a sufficient detailed description of the methods to allow a researcher to reproduce your work. Companies from which materials were obtained should be listed with their location: city and state, province or country.

The Experimental Procedures or Materials and Methods should give sufficient details to enable the reader to repeat your work exactly, if necessary. The necessity for conciseness should not lead to omission of important experimental details. Refer to previously published procedures employed by citation of both the original description and pertinent published modifications, and do not include extensive description unless they present substantially new modifications.

This section should present clearly but succinctly the experimental findings. Only results essential to establish the main points of the work should be included. Numerical data should be analyzed using appropriate statistical tests.
For guidelines on how to report statistical results, see Bailar, JC, Mosteller, F (1988) Guidelines for statistical reporting in articles for medical journals. Ann Intern Med, 108:266-273; Curran-Everitt, D, Benos DJ, (2004) Guidelines for reporting statistics in journals published by the American Physiological Society. J Neurophysiol, 92:669-671; Lang, TA, Secic, M (2006) How to report statistics in medicine: annotated guidelines for authors, editors and reviewers, 2nd edition, Philadelphia, PA, ACP Press; Sarter M, Fritschy JM (2008) Eur J Neurosci 28:2363-2364. compact presentation.

Experimental animals: When experimental animals are used, specify species, strain, sex, age, supplier, and numbers of animals used in total and for individual experimental conditions. The species should be identified in the Title or Abstract.

Statistical methods: A complete description of statistical methods is required.

If all or parts of previously published illustrations are used, permission must be obtained from the copyright holder concerned. It is the author's responsibility to obtain these in writing and provide copies to the publishers. READ MORE...

Editorial Board

Faculty's Liaisons

  • Associate Professor Dr. Kazi Ahsan Jamil
  • Professor Dr. Fouad Hussain M H Al-Bayaty
  • Associate Professor Dr. Norashikin Yusof
  • Dr. Nagham Mohammed Abdullah
  • Dr. Nik Mohd Mazuan Nik Mohd Rosdy
  • Dr. Alaa Sabah Hussein
  • Dr. Eddy Hasrul Hassan
  • Dr. Azmeel Mazlee Anuar
  • Dr. Faezah Sabirin
  • Mrs. Nur Aliana Hidayah Mohamed
  • Mrs. Maskiah Abdullah ( Secretary)
  • Professor Dr. Mohamed Ibrahim Abu Hassan
  • Mrs. Rubiah Mohd Yusoff
  • Mr. Abdullah Yusoff

Assoc. Prof. Dr Kazi Ahsan Jamil, BDS, PhD

Compendium of Oral Science (Compend.Oral.Sci),
Faculty of Dentistry
Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM)
Level 19, Tower 2, Science & Technology Complex
40450 SHAH ALAM, Selangor,

Tel:     (+603) 5543 5837
Fax:    (+603) 5543 5803